Useful Tree Species for Eastern Africa
a species selection tool based on the VECEA Map
Kalahari woodland (Wk)
Kalahari woodland occurs in the Kalahari Sands of the upper Zambezi basin. Zambezian dry evergreen forest (Fm) or Zambezian dry deciduous forest and scrub forest (Fn) was the original climax vegetation type in the most favourable soils (possibly only on higher landscape positions; J. Timberlake, pers. comm.). Kalahari woodland is either secondary (due to fire and cultivation) to these original dry forest types or is part of a catenary sequence from forests on ridges to seasonally waterlogged depressions. It is not easy to distinguish between these two types of Kalahari woodland (White 1983 p. 97).
Kalahari scrub woodland occurs in between Kalahari woodland and Kalahari suffrutex grassland (a vegetation type that we classified as edaphic grassland (g). It is characterized especially by Diplorhynchus condylocarpon, whereas other characteristic species include Brachystegia brachystemma, Burkea africana, Hymenocardia acida and Parinari curatellifolia (White 1983 p. 99).
The main species recorded to occur within this vegetation type are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia) is provided.
Based on information on species presence in national manifestations of vegetation types, each species was classified as a regionally dominant, characteristic, present or marginal species for a vegetation type (Read more ...)
Products and environmental services of tree species
Documented products and environmental services for the tree species occurring in this vegetation type (Wk) are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets information is given on the status of each species ('dom' indicates dominant species, 'cha' characteristic species, 'pre' other species and 'mar' species of marginal occurrence), the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia).
- Timber, Furniture, Construction
- Poles, Posts
- Flooring, Panelling
- Veneer, Plywood
- Tools, Tool handles, Shafts
- Carvings, Utensils, Walking stick, Bow, Arrow
- Boat building
- Edible fruit, Edible nut, Edible seed
- Seasoning, Flavouring
- Edible oil, Edible gum, Edible inner bark
- Fibre, Weaving, Rope
- Thatch, Roofing, Mats, Baskets
- Resin, Gum, Glue, Latex
- Tannin, Dye
- Live fence, Dead fence
- Traditional uses
- Veterinary medicine, Vermifuge
- Toxin, Insecticide, Repellent
- Cosmetic, Soap, Perfume, Oil
For more detailed information about the species occurrences see this excel workbook. It provides country specific information on species composition for this vegetation type. It also allows you to select a subset of useful tree species to provide desired products and services. For each species links to a number of websites / databases with information about this species are provided as well.
The table shows the area (km2) of the vegetation type and the percentage of this area explicitly designated for biodiversity, species or landscape protection (A) and areas designated for both protection and sustainable use objectives (B). Only the nationally designated protected areas were included.
|PNV||Area (km2)||A (%)||B (%)|
A) Include the IUCN categories I - IV; B) Include the IUCN categories V - VI and the protected areas without IUCN classification. Read more