Useful Tree Species for Eastern Africa
a species selection tool based on the VECEA Map
Freshwater swamp (X)
Permanent swamps occur in depressions where water permanently floods the surface to a shallow depth (seasonal swamps are usually covered with edaphic grassland ( g )). Most of the shallower lakes outside the Guineo-Congolian floristic region (especially those that are not strongly saline, see halophytic vegetation ( Z ) ) have a wide belt of reed-swamp where the dominant species are usually rooted in the soil and have stems that rise out of the water. The most abundant reed-swamp species is Cyperus papyrus (a giant sedge species) but other species can also be dominant such as Miscanthus violaceus, Phragmites australis and Phragmites mauritianus grasses (White 1983 pp. 55 and 265).
- N. Moshi 2010; Figure 10.1 in VECEA Volume 5
The main species recorded to occur within this vegetation type are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia) is provided.
Based on information on species presence in national manifestations of vegetation types, each species was classified as a regionally dominant, characteristic, present or marginal species for a vegetation type (Read more ...)
Products and environmental services of tree species
Documented products and environmental services for the tree species occurring in this vegetation type (X) are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets information is given on the status of each species ('dom' indicates dominant species, 'cha' characteristic species, 'pre' other species and 'mar' species of marginal occurrence), the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia).
- Edible fruit, Edible nut, Edible seed
- Drink, Soup
- Edible oil, Edible gum, Edible inner bark
- Ornamental, Avenue tree
- Nitrogen fixation
- Soil conservation, Soil improvement
- River bank, Sand stabilization
- Fibre, Weaving, Rope
- Thatch, Roofing, Mats, Baskets
- Resin, Gum, Glue, Latex
- Tannin, Dye
- Live fence, Dead fence
- Veterinary medicine, Vermifuge
- Toxin, Insecticide, Repellent
- Cosmetic, Soap, Perfume, Oil
For more detailed information about the species occurrences see this excel workbook. It provides country specific information on species composition for this vegetation type. It also allows you to select a subset of useful tree species to provide desired products and services. For each species links to a number of websites / databases with information about this species are provided as well.
The table shows the area (km2) of the vegetation type and the percentage of this area explicitly designated for biodiversity, species or landscape protection (A) and areas designated for both protection and sustainable use objectives (B). Only the nationally designated protected areas were included.
|PNV||Area (km2)||A (%)||B (%)|
A) Include the IUCN categories I - IV; B) Include the IUCN categories V - VI and the protected areas without IUCN classification. Read more