Useful Tree Species for Eastern Africa
a species selection tool based on the VECEA Map
Acacia-Commiphora deciduous wooded grassland (Wd)
The wooded grasslands from the greater Serengeti region are different from typical deciduous bushland communities (Bd) by the insignificance of bushy plants other than Acacia and Commiphora and by the relative abundance of grasses (especially perennial grass species). The extent to which these features might be a result from prevalent grass fires or a large ungulate population is uncertain, but rainfall is too high in most places of the greater Serengeti region for typical deciduous bushland to occur (White 1983 pp. 125 and 128).
Because of the floristic overlap in Acacia species between Acacia-Commiphora deciduous wooded grassland and Upland Acacia wooded grassland (We), it is possible that some areas that we mapped as Acacia-Commiphora deciduous wooded grassland should have been mapped as Upland Acacia wooded grassland instead.
- Gachathi; Figure 5.1 in VECEA Volume 3
The main species recorded to occur within this vegetation type are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia) is provided.
Based on information on species presence in national manifestations of vegetation types, each species was classified as a regionally dominant, characteristic, present or marginal species for a vegetation type (Read more ...)
Products and environmental services of tree species
Documented products and environmental services for the tree species occurring in this vegetation type (Wd) are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets information is given on the status of each species ('dom' indicates dominant species, 'cha' characteristic species, 'pre' other species and 'mar' species of marginal occurrence), the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia).
- Timber, Furniture, Construction
- Poles, Posts
- Tools, Tool handles, Shafts
- Carvings, Utensils, Walking stick, Bow, Arrow
- Farm implements
- Edible fruit, Edible nut, Edible seed
- Drink, Soup
- Edible oil, Edible gum, Edible inner bark
- Ornamental, Avenue tree
- Nitrogen fixation
- Soil conservation, Soil improvement
- River bank, Sand stabilization
- Fibre, Weaving, Rope
- Resin, Gum, Glue, Latex
- Tannin, Dye
- Live fence, Dead fence
- Veterinary medicine, Vermifuge
For more detailed information about the species occurrences see this excel workbook. It provides country specific information on species composition for this vegetation type. It also allows you to select a subset of useful tree species to provide desired products and services. For each species links to a number of websites / databases with information about this species are provided as well.
The table shows the area (km2) of the vegetation type and the percentage of this area explicitly designated for biodiversity, species or landscape protection (A) and areas designated for both protection and sustainable use objectives (B). Only the nationally designated protected areas were included.
|PNV||Area (km2)||A (%)||B (%)|
A) Include the IUCN categories I - IV; B) Include the IUCN categories V - VI and the protected areas without IUCN classification. Read more