Useful Tree Species for Eastern Africa
a species selection tool based on the VECEA Map
Vitellaria wooded grassland (Wb)
Vitellaria paradoxa (synonym: Butyrospermum paradoxum) is a species that is endemic to the Sudanian floristic region. It occurs both in the Sudanian woodlands of the drier northern parts and Sudanian woodlands of the wetter southern parts of the Sudanian region (White 1983 p. 105).
Vitellaria paradoxa often replaces Isoberlinia doka in secondary grasslands where Isoberlinia doka dies out because of frequent cultivation (White 1983 p. 108). Trapnell and Langdale-Brown (1972 p. 133) mention that Combretum is replaced as a dominant species from Combretum wooded grassland (Wc) by Vitellaria paradoxa in wooded grasslands similar to west African wooded grasslands. They mention that Combretum species and Terminalia mollis (dominant species in Combretum wooded grassland) occur as associated species in Vitellaria wooded grassland.
J. Kalema 2011; Figure 3.1 in VECEA Volume 3
The main species recorded to occur within this vegetation type are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia) is provided.
Based on information on species presence in national manifestations of vegetation types, each species was classified as a regionally dominant, characteristic, present or marginal species for a vegetation type (Read more ...)
Products and environmental services of tree species
Documented products and environmental services for the tree species occurring in this vegetation type (Wb) are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets information is given on the status of each species ('dom' indicates dominant species, 'cha' characteristic species, 'pre' other species and 'mar' species of marginal occurrence), the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia).
- Timber, Furniture, Construction
- Poles, Posts
- Tools, Tool handles, Shafts
- Carvings, Utensils, Walking stick, Bow, Arrow
- Boat building
- Farm implements
- Edible fruit, Edible nut, Edible seed
- Vegetable, Edible leaves, Edible roots
- Seasoning, Flavouring
- Drink, Soup
- Edible oil, Edible gum, Edible inner bark
- Ornamental, Avenue tree
- Nitrogen fixation
- Soil conservation, Soil improvement
- River bank, Sand stabilization
- Fibre, Weaving, Rope
- Thatch, Roofing, Mats, Baskets
- Resin, Gum, Glue, Latex
- Tannin, Dye
- Live fence, Dead fence
- Traditional uses
- Veterinary medicine, Vermifuge
- Toxin, Insecticide, Repellent
- Cosmetic, Soap, Perfume, Oil
- Smoke bath
For more detailed information about the species occurrences see this excel workbook. It provides country specific information on species composition for this vegetation type. It also allows you to select a subset of useful tree species to provide desired products and services. For each species links to a number of websites / databases with information about this species are provided as well.
The table shows the area (km2) of the PNV is outside the protected areas (NP) and the area protected within one of the protected areas, split by IUCN management category. Only the nationally designated protected areas were included.
|PNV||Area (km2)||A (%)||B (%)|
A) Include the IUCN categories I - IV; B) Include the IUCN categories V - VI and the protected areas without IUCN classification. Read more