Useful Tree Species for Eastern Africa
a species selection tool based on the VECEA Map
Zanzibar-Inhambane lowland rain forest (Fo)
Zanzibar-Inhambane lowland rain forest has a main canopy that is almost evergreen and up to 20 m high. Emergents are 40 m or taller.
This forest differs from Guineo-Congolian rain forests in greater degrees of bud protection, less developed drip-tips of leaves and low numbers of epiphytes. Zanzibar-Inhambane lowland rain forests differ from Zanzibar-Inhambane transitional rain forests ( Fg ) by occurring at lower altitudes (< 900 m) and having no admixture of Afromontane species (White 1983 p. 186).
Zanzibar-Inhambane lowland rain forests were formerly extensively developed along the lower parts of the eastern highlands arc (especially the Nguru, Uluguru and Usambara Mts. of Tanzania), but only small fragments remain. Similar forests occur further inland as exclaves of the Zanzibar-Inhambane floristic region in other floristic regions such as on the Malawi Hills (within the Zambezian region) or near Tavetta (within the Somalia-Masai region; its presence is a result from the high water table in that location; White 1983 p. 186).
The main species recorded to occur within this vegetation type are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia) is provided.
Based on information on species presence in national manifestations of vegetation types, each species was classified as a regionally dominant, characteristic, present or marginal species for a vegetation type (Read more ...)
Products and environmental services of tree species
Documented products and environmental services for the tree species occurring in this vegetation type (Fo) are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets information is given on the status of each species ('dom' indicates dominant species, 'cha' characteristic species, 'pre' other species and 'mar' species of marginal occurrence), the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia).
- Timber, Furniture, Construction
- Poles, Posts
- Flooring, Panelling
- Veneer, Plywood
- Tools, Tool handles, Shafts
- Carvings, Utensils, Walking stick, Bow, Arrow
- Boat building
- Farm implements
- Edible fruit, Edible nut, Edible seed
- Seasoning, Flavouring
- Drink, Soup
- Edible oil, Edible gum, Edible inner bark
- Ornamental, Avenue tree
- Nitrogen fixation
- Soil conservation, Soil improvement
- River bank, Sand stabilization
- Fibre, Weaving, Rope
- Thatch, Roofing, Mats, Baskets
- Resin, Gum, Glue, Latex
- Tannin, Dye
- Live fence, Dead fence
- Traditional uses
- Boundary marking
- Veterinary medicine, Vermifuge
- Toxin, Insecticide, Repellent
- Cosmetic, Soap, Perfume, Oil
For more detailed information about the species occurrences see this excel workbook. It provides country specific information on species composition for this vegetation type. It also allows you to select a subset of useful tree species to provide desired products and services. For each species links to a number of websites / databases with information about this species are provided as well.
The table shows the area (km2) of the vegetation type and the percentage of this area explicitly designated for biodiversity, species or landscape protection (A) and areas designated for both protection and sustainable use objectives (B). Only the nationally designated protected areas were included.
|PNV||Area (km2)||A (%)||B (%)|
A) Include the IUCN categories I - IV; B) Include the IUCN categories V - VI and the protected areas without IUCN classification. Read more