Useful Tree Species for Eastern Africa
a species selection tool based on the VECEA Map
Zambezian dry evergreen forest (Fm)
Zambezian dry evergreen forest rarely exceeds 25 m in height except for a few emergents. This forest represents a physiognomic and floristic transition from Guineo-Congolian rain forest to Zambezian woodland (e.g., Miombo woodland ( Wm ), but also contains Afromontane species. Zambezian dry evergreen forest is simpler in structure than Guineo-Congolian rain forest, the leaves of the dominant trees are more coriaceous (‘leathery’) and have few drip-tips (White 1983 p. 89).
Compared to Guineo-Congolian rain forest, Zambezian dry evergreen forest is floristically relatively poor. Floristic composition varies greatly from place to place. There are eight dominant and emergent tree species that overlap considerably with each other, although no species occurs throughout: Berlinia giorgii, Cryptosepalum exfoliatum ssp. pseudotaxus, Daniellia alsteeniana, Entandrophragma delevoyi, Marquesia acuminata, Marquesia macroura, Parinari excelsa and Syzygium guineense ssp. afromontanum. Cryptosepalum exfoliatum ssp. pseudotaxus dominates the most distinct type of Zambezian dry evergreen forest which occurs on Kalahari Sand (White 1983 pp. 89 - 90).
C. Dudley; Figure 13.1 in VECEA Volume 2
The main species recorded to occur within this vegetation type are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia) is provided.
Based on information on species presence in national manifestations of vegetation types, each species was classified as a regionally dominant, characteristic, present or marginal species for a vegetation type (Read more ...)
Products and environmental services of tree species
Documented products and environmental services for the tree species occurring in this vegetation type (Fm) are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets information is given on the status of each species ('dom' indicates dominant species, 'cha' characteristic species, 'pre' other species and 'mar' species of marginal occurrence), the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia).
- Timber, Furniture, Construction
- Poles, Posts
- Flooring, Panelling
- Veneer, Plywood
- Tools, Tool handles, Shafts
- Carvings, Utensils, Walking stick, Bow, Arrow
- Boat building
- Farm implements
- Edible fruit, Edible nut, Edible seed
- Drink, Soup
- Edible oil, Edible gum, Edible inner bark
- Fibre, Weaving, Rope
- Resin, Gum, Glue, Latex
- Tannin, Dye
- Live fence, Dead fence
- Veterinary medicine, Vermifuge
- Toxin, Insecticide, Repellent
For more detailed information about the species occurrences see this excel workbook. It provides country specific information on species composition for this vegetation type. It also allows you to select a subset of useful tree species to provide desired products and services. For each species links to a number of websites / databases with information about this species are provided as well.
The table shows the area (km2) of the vegetation type and the percentage of this area explicitly designated for biodiversity, species or landscape protection (A) and areas designated for both protection and sustainable use objectives (B). Only the nationally designated protected areas were included.
|PNV||Area (km2)||A (%)||B (%)|
A) Include the IUCN categories I - IV; B) Include the IUCN categories V - VI and the protected areas without IUCN classification. Read more