Useful Tree Species for Eastern Africa
a species selection tool based on the VECEA Map
Afromontane single-dominant Hagenia abyssinica forest (Fd)
Hagenia abyssinica is found on most of the higher mountains between Ethiopia and northern Malawi, including Mt. Kenya, Mt. Meru (Tanzania), the Nyika Plateau (Malawi) and the Virunga mountains (Rwanda). Characteristically, Hagenia abyssinica forms almost pure stands of 9 to 15 m tall in a narrow and often interrupted zone between the montane Ericaceous belt ( E ) and taller types of Afromontane rain forest (Fa) or Afromontane undifferentiated forest (Fbu). The best-developed stands are clearly forest, but other stands have a structure that is better described as woodland or scrub forest (White 1983 p. 166).
Some authors have suggested that Afromontane single-dominant Hagenia abyssinica forest is a climax vegetation type where low night temperatures exclude other trees. However, even at high altitudes the dominance of Hagenia abyssinica is probably still the result from disturbance. (White 1983 p. 166).
V. Minani 2008; Figure 6.1 in VECEA Volume 2
The main species recorded to occur within this vegetation type are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia) is provided.
Based on information on species presence in national manifestations of vegetation types, each species was classified as a regionally dominant, characteristic, present or marginal species for a vegetation type (Read more ...)
Products and environmental services of tree species
Documented products and environmental services for the tree species occurring in this vegetation type (Fd) are listed below. Clicking the name of any of these species will open the page for that species on the Agroforestry Species Switchboard. Between brackets information is given on the status of each species ('dom' indicates dominant species, 'cha' characteristic species, 'pre' other species and 'mar' species of marginal occurrence), the English vernacular name of the species and the documented country distribution of the species (B=Burundi, E=Ethiopia, K=Kenya, M=Malawi, R=Rwanda, T=Tanzania, U=Uganda, Z=Zambia).
- Timber, Furniture, Construction
- Poles, Posts
- Flooring, Panelling
- Veneer, Plywood
- Tools, Tool handles, Shafts
- Carvings, Utensils, Walking stick, Bow, Arrow
- Farm implements
For more detailed information about the species occurrences see this excel workbook. It provides country specific information on species composition for this vegetation type. It also allows you to select a subset of useful tree species to provide desired products and services. For each species links to a number of websites / databases with information about this species are provided as well.
The table shows the area (km2) of the vegetation type and the percentage of this area explicitly designated for biodiversity, species or landscape protection (A) and areas designated for both protection and sustainable use objectives (B). Only the nationally designated protected areas were included.
|PNV||Area (km2)||A (%)||B (%)|
A) Include the IUCN categories I - IV; B) Include the IUCN categories V - VI and the protected areas without IUCN classification. Read more